from the 2014-06 "Sonoma County Gazette" [www.sonomacountygazette.com]:
• Doran Beach, 201 Doran Beach Road, Bodega Bay
• Cotati, 216 E School St, Cotati
• Coppola Winery, 300 Via Archimedes, Geyserville
• Level II at David Coffaro Winery, 7485 Dry Creek Rd, Geyserville (NEMA 14-50, no network)
• Clos Du Bois, 19410 Geyserville Ave, Geyserville
• Benziger Family Winery, 1883 London Ranch Rd, Glen Ellen
• Healdsburg City Hall, 401 Grove St, Healdsburg
• E & M Electric, 126 Mill St, Healdsburg
• Hudson Street Wineries, 428 Hudson St, Healdsburg
• Level II at Max Machinery, 33 Healdsburg Ave, Healdsburg (J1772, no network)
• Level II at Dry Creek Shopping Center,1345 Healdsburg Ave., Healdsburg (J1772, Chargepoint)
• North Bay Nissan, 1250 Auto Center Dr, Petaluma
• Petaluma Village Premium Outlets, 2200 Petaluma Blvd N, Petaluma
• East Washington Plaza, 401 Kenilworth Dr, Petaluma
• Keller Garage,126 Keller St, Petaluma
• Petaluma, 210 Lakeville St, Petaluma
• Enriquez Estate Wines, 3062 Old Adobe Rd, Petaluma
• Casa Grande High School, 333 Casa Grande Rd, Petaluma
• Rohnert Park Library Parking Lot, 495, City Center Drive, Rohnert Park
• Somo Village Event Center, 1400 Valley House Drive, Rohnert Park
• Level II at SOMO Village, 1212 Valley House Dr in Rohnert Park (J1772, Chargepoint)
• Sonoma County Airport, 2200 Airport Blvd, Santa Rosa
• Inman Winery, 3900 Piner Rd, Santa Rosa
• Walgreens, 3093 Marlow Rd, Santa Rosa
• City of Santa Rosa, 55 Stony Point Rd, Santa Rosa
• City of Santa Rosa, 201 3rd St, Santa Rosa
• City of Santa Rosa, 555 First Street, Santa Rosa
• City of Santa Rosa, 117 D St, Santa Rosa
• City of Santa Rosa, 97 D St, Santa Rosa
• City of Santa Rosa,100 Santa Rosa Ave, Santa Rosa
• Whole Foods Market, 390 Coddingtown Mall, Santa Rosa
• County of Sonoma, 575 Administration Drive, Santa Rosa
• County of Sonoma, 2300 County Center Drive, Santa Rosa
• Coddingtown Mall, 733 Coddingtown Mall, Santa Rosa
• Santa Rosa Plaza, 1071 Santa Rosa Plaza, Santa Rosa
• Nissan Of Santa Rosa, 1275 Santa Rosa Ave, Santa Rosa
• County of Sonoma, 1351 Maple Avenue, Santa Rosa
• Level II at SRJC Culinary Arts Center, 1670 Mendocino Ave, Santa Rosa, (J1772, no network)
• Level II at Hansel BMW, 2925 Corby Ave in Santa Rosa (J1772, Chargepoint)
• City of Sebastopol, 6800-6898 Mckinley St, Sebastopol
• City of Sebastopol, 6791 Sebastopol Ave, Sebastopol
• City of Sonoma, 148 E Napa St, Sonoma
• City of Windsor, 9291 Old Redwood Hwy, Windsor
(Download the map for full resolution)
Electric Vehicles 101
• EV’s under $60,000 price range may qualify for a Federal tax credit between $2,500 - $7,500
• EV’s may qualify for CA Rebate of $2,500.00
• EV’s can operate (before maintenance & battery depreciation) at .04 mile per mile
• The Institute for Automotive Research (IFAR) at the Nürtingen-Geislingen University, concluded that an EV’s simplicity pays dividends over longer ownership periods. Over eight years, with a relatively low annual mileage of 5,000 miles per year, a typical small, combustionengine car would cost $4,770 in maintenance: oil changes, brakes, tires, spark plugs, filters, fluids, etc . . In contrast, an equivalent electric vehicle would cost only $3,071.
• Adding 7 – 10 kW solar panels to your residence can charge your EV and meet your home electricity needs. A possible Net 0 energy cost & PACE program availability.
• Tesla offers free “fast charging” to their customers as well as Nissan to their Leaf owners (beginning July 1st)
• There are currently 44 Charging Stations locations in Sonoma County.
• Battery power depreciates over time. Example: Based on Leaf $15,000 battery replacement over 100,000 mile life span, additional cost of .15 per mile
• Lithium Ion batteries perform optimally above 0°C and below 90°C. Some EV’s have temperature regulation systems installed, some are only air cooled.
• Battery technology is constantly evolving and what is up-to-date today may be legacy in the future.
• Additional cost for home fast charger (220 volt) Level 2 reduces home charging down to less than 8 hours (based on Leaf example). Typical installation by qualified electrician is a straightforward operation needing wiring to a circuit, with a 40-amp circuit breaker, and typically requires a permit for its installation.
• Range Anxiety – even though Sonoma County Commuters average 34 miles per day, their concerns are still present, regarding depleting their batteries.
• Production EV’s are relatively new products and researching regarding use and purchase, typically takes time and internet savvy resources.
2014-06 by Sam Euston for "Sonoma County Gazette":
According to the 2011 Climate Protection Committee’s Greenhouse Gas Report, 60% of
carbon emissions in Sonoma County are generated from transportation.
Now that Sonoma Clean Power has opened its doors, and unveiled its new Evergreen program, (which utilizes 100% local renewable power), the use of electric vehicles in our County not only lowers emissions, but also helps sustain our local economy.
I recommend readers visit the Sustainable Enterprise Conference website (sustainableenterpriseconference.com) to review Sonoma Clean Power Geof Syphers’s presentation regarding EV’s. Well worth your time!
My research references included Alan Soule (president of the North Bay Electric Auto Association - http://nbeaa.org/ ) and Peter Oliver (Co-Founder of Switch Vehicles, Inc. - switchvehicles.com).
Fundamentals & Considerations -
Why purchase an Electric Vehicle in Sonoma County?
• EV’s reduce carbon emissions (transportation is the County’s highest carbon contributor)
• EV Regenerative braking reduces asbestos emissions
• EV’s reduce noise pollution
• Electric Vehicle owners consistently report that EV’s are more fun to drive
• EV’s potentially can be less expensive to operate due to less moving parts, tend to be more reliable
• Most EV’s safety ratings are at least as good, if not better, than their internal combustion counterparts.
A note regarding Lithium Ion batteries -
When questioning EV and Battery Experts, and considering my own personal experience, the life cycle of a battery depends on various elements, quality of manufacturing being one. All of my cameras, battery backup power supplies and laptops rely on Lithium Ions. I’ve had many that have exceeded their expected lifespan and/or power range by as much as two times. I have also had respected brands fail within a few days or months. What I’ve learned is to initially, carefully monitor the battery, and any sign of what I termed “fatigue”, I’d return or replace.
In summary, I thought I would use a final general example. I chose a Nissan Leaf because they are relatively affordable to purchase or lease, there will soon be free Nissan charging stations available to Leaf owners, they have a range of 70 to 80 miles which lessens Range Anxiety, and there’s lots and lots of information regarding them easily available to research on the internet.
Note: I am in no way affiliated with Nissan, and not being compensated in anyway by anyone, for writing this article.
Nissan Leaf, provides an approximate range of 70 to 80 miles.
Average driving range is 35 to 40 miles, charging at lowest nightly rate approximately $.12 per kilowatt hour, the Leaf batteries hold about 24 kW hours.
24 kWh times $.12 per kilowatt hour equals $2.88.
So to drive 50 to 60 miles would cost approximately just over two dollars.
.04 per mile = (Electricity Cost) $2.88 divided by (vehicle range) 80 miles
.61 per mile = Average EV maintenance cost per mile (based on IFAR)
18 per mile = Battery replacement based on 80,000 mile battery life span
65 per mile = Operating Cost
$8,303.75 = 12,775 miles per year
To put that into perspective I’m going to use our Volvo wagon
.145 per mile = (Fuel Cost) $4.08 per gallon divided by 28 miles per gallon
.95 per mile = Average CEV maintenance cost per mile (based on IFAR)
1.06 per mile = Operating Cost
$13,541.50 = 12,775 miles per year, with an average CO2 output of 120 parts per million
So, with what you know now, would you consider an electric vehicle?
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